The world’s biggest tech companies will no longer be “marking their own homework”, Mr Sunak said, adding the agreements will “tip the balance in favour of humanity”.
And the PM said the AI Safety Summit at Bletchley Park – the home of the World War Two codebreakers – had been a huge success for the UK.
He said: “We did something that many people thought was not possible. What’s happened here has been a truly historic set of achievements.
“We were able to convene this group of people for the first time and leave here with a very tangible outcome that will make an enormous difference to people’s lives.
“It will ensure we can realise the incredible benefits of AI, safe in the knowledge we’re doing what is required to mitigate against the risks.
“It’s only governments that can test the national security risks.
“Ultimately, that is the responsibility of a sovereign government, with the involvement of our intelligence agencies.”
The landmark deal came after every country attending the two-day summit, including the US and China, signed the Bletchley Declaration.
It recognised that AI “presents enormous global opportunities” but said it should be developed in a way that is “human-centric, trustworthy and responsible”.
It was the world’s first ever international statement on so-called frontier AI that could exceed the capabilities of today’s most advanced systems.
Hailing the progress made Mr Sunak said: “While this was only the beginning of the conversation, I believe the achievements of this summit will tip the balance in favour of humanity, because they show we have both the political will and the capability to control this technology and secure its benefits for the long term.”
The Prime Minister said this had been achieved by establishing a shared understanding of the risks, a global expert panel and reaching a pact on testing the safety of new AI models before they are released.
Mr Sunak added: “The late Stephen Hawking once said ‘AI is likely to be the best or worst thing to happen to humanity’. If we can sustain the collaboration we’ve fostered over these last two days, I profoundly believe we can make it the best. Because safely harnessing this technology could eclipse anything we’ve ever known.
“If, in time, history proves that today we began to seize that prize, then we will have written a new chapter worthy of its place in the story of Bletchley Park.
“More importantly, we will have bequeathed an extraordinary legacy of hope and opportunity for our children and generations to come.”
Expert warns Brexit Britain ‘must beat’ EU to cryptocurrency regulation[LATEST]
Elon Musk claims people could ‘lose the meaning of life’ when AI slashes jobs[DISCOVER]
Elon Musk warns world of ‘anti-human’ AI[INSIGHT]
- Advert-free experience without interruptions.
- Rocket-fast speedy loading pages.
- Exclusive & Unlimited access to all our content.
The Prime Minister warned world leaders did not have time to draw up new laws before taking control of the situation. He said: “The technology is developing at such a pace that governments have to make sure we can keep up. We need to move faster, and we are, but you need to know exactly what you’re legislating for and that’s why our safety institute is so important.
“So far we’ve got the co-operation we need, but ultimately, binding requirements will likely be necessary. But it’s important we do those in the right way and that needs to be based on empirical evidence that we’ll get from our testing.”
And Mr Sunak defended inviting China to the summit – despite leaving them out of Thursday’s national security discussions. He said: “It wasn’t an easy decision for me to invite China, and indeed lots of people criticised me for it.
“But it was the right long-term decision, because any serious conversation about AI safety has to engage the leading AI nations. Now, I can’t predict the future and exactly how this is all going to pan out, but it would have been a mistake not to try.”
He said the desired outcome had been achieved, which included China signing up “to the same set of principles that we, the Americans and Europeans and dozens of other countries did”. Mr Sunak’s historic declaration comes after Technology Secretary Michelle Donelan could not rule out a Terminator-style rise of the machines.
The Technology Secretary that nightmare scenario was a “potential area” where AI development could lead. And Mr Sunak did not distance himself from those remarks when asked about them later.
Asked about the possibility of a “Terminator scenario” – a reference to the Arnold Schwarzenegger film in which machines take over the world –she said: “Well, that is one potential area where it could lead but there are several stages before that.”
As he arrived at the summit yesterday, Mr Sunak said “we can’t be certain” about the risks of AI but there is a possibility they could be on a similar scale to pandemics and nuclear war in terms of the devastation the could cause.
The Prime Minister said: “People developing this technology themselves have raised the risk that AI may pose and it’s important to not be alarmist about this.
“There’s debate about this topic. People in the industry themselves don’t agree and we can’t be certain. But there is a case to believe that it may pose a risk on a scale like pandemics and nuclear war.
“And that’s why, as leaders, we have a responsibility to act to take the steps to protect people, and that’s exactly what we
Source: Read Full Article