Climate change: Boris Johnson's 'targets' questioned by Menon

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Weather data has presented irrefutable evidence of climate change for decades, but humans haven’t had to reckon with the worst of what the impending crisis offers just yet. The last year has provided a window into what could come for Europe, with temperatures pushing the 50C mark in parts of Italy. One graph shows exactly how much worse it could get within the next few decades.

In the years running up to 2050, scientists expect some of Europe’s most influential cities could see a marked temperature change.

And data from statistics giant Statista has unveiled how bad this could get.

The site compiled data from the peer-reviewed journal PLOS One showing estimated temperature increases during the warmest month in EU capitals.

The hottest of them all, Slovenian capital Ljubljana, will see its most extreme temperatures increase by nearly 10C.

The PLOS data shows temperatures in the city’s warmest month will surge by 8C.

Ljubljana’s warmest month at present is July – something it shares with most other European capitals – when temperatures climb to an average of 21.9C.

Residents will see temperatures drift between a minimum of 16C and a maximum of 27.9.

By 2050, the average will exceed today’s maximum at 19.9C, opening up the potential for a new maximum high of 35.9C.

Budapest and Vienna will see their temperatures surge the second and third most, respectively.

In Budapest, July temperatures average out at 21C, with maximums up to 28C.

These could climb by 7.8C according to the PLOS data, pushing the average to 29C and maximum to 35.8C.

Austrian capital Vienna could see its average of 19C boosted by 7.6C to 26C maximum to 32C.

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Two of the continent’s most influential capitals – Paris and Berlin – will see their respective averages increase by 6.2 percent.

Both are comparatively cold compared to others, but new averages will sit at 32.2C and 30.2C.

Many tourists will want to know how some of the EU’s warmest capitals could fare by 2050.

Madrid, where temperatures will increase conservatively compared to other cities, will become unbearably hot in the summer.

The Spanish capital’s current average temperature in July is 23C, but maximums can rise as high as 33C.

The PLOS prediction states that by 2050, Madrid’s highest temperatures will increase by 6.4C.

Correcting the average temperatures with this prediction means that in 29 years, Madrid will have to reckon with an average temperature of 29.4C.

And the highest will mimic temperatures only ever seen further south in Africa, potentially maxing out at 39.4C.

In Italy, where temperatures nearly brushed 50C in 2021, capital Rome will experience a similar situation.

The current average daily temperature is 26.6C, and PLOS expects this could increase by 5.5C.

By 2050, daily life in Rome will revolve around a new average of 32.1C.

Temperatures will peak at a maximum of 36.5C, rising from the current maximum of 31C.

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