“They send it to a lab,” he said.

It was unclear if Mr. Pence, who interacted with some of the infected Mar-a-Lago visitors, had known that the president was tested. Asked about his own status, Mr. Pence said, “I’m going to speak immediately after this news conference with the White House physician’s office,” which he said had previously advised him that neither he nor his wife needed to be tested.

The White House has begun checking the temperatures of anyone in close contact with Mr. Trump or Mr. Pence. White House staff checked the temperatures of everyone arriving at the news conference.

Reporters pressed Mr. Trump about “mixed messages,” asking about why he shook hands with a row of chief executives who attended his news conference on Friday where he announced a national emergency.

“It almost becomes a habit and you get out of that habit,” he said, noting that “getting away from shaking hands is a good thing.”

Mr. Pence said that, effective at midnight Monday night, the federal government’s European travel ban would apply to Britain and Ireland.

The House passed a sweeping relief package to assist people affected by the outbreak, after a roller-coaster day of negotiations on Friday, and it now goes to the Senate.

At the news conference, Mr. Trump signaled his approval of the measures, which he noted had bipartisan support.

“It was very nice to see it,” he said.

Coronavirus Map: Tracking the Spread of the Outbreak

The virus has infected more than 154,100 people in at least 126 countries.

Spain moves toward a nationwide lockdown and France closes most businesses.

Spain and France announced drastic, countrywide restrictions on Saturday to contain the spread of the coronavirus.

Spain ordered all citizens to confine themselves to their homes — and to leave only to buy food, go to work, seek medical care or assist the elderly and others in need.

Officials in Spain reported 1,500 new cases, the largest daily increase in the country so far, pushing its total to 5,753. The government ordered all schools, restaurants and bars to close, extending measures that various regional authorities, including in Madrid and in Catalonia, had taken on Friday.

Also on Saturday, Spanish authorities said the wife of Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez, Begoña Gómez, had tested positive for the virus.

France announced the closing of all “non-indispensable” businesses as of midnight, including restaurants, bars, and movie theaters, after a sharp uptick in the assault from the coronavirus. French cases doubled over the last 72 hours to about 4,500. There have been 91 deaths, and 300 coronavirus patients are in critical condition — half of them under 50 years of age.

The measures in both countries follow similar moves in Italy, the hardest hit country in Europe. Italy has been locked down since early in the week, with only groceries, pharmacies and banks allowed to operate. On Saturday, the country reported 175 new deaths, with a total of 1,441, and 2,795 new cases, with the total crossing 21,000.

New York, Louisiana and Virginia have reported their first deaths from the virus.

Officials in Louisiana, New York and Virginia reported their first deaths tied to the coronavirus on Saturday as the number of known cases nationally surged past 2,500. By evening, 49 states, plus Puerto Rico and Washington, D.C., had confirmed cases of the illness. Only West Virginia was without a diagnosis.

Nationwide, businesses, schools and public officials continued to struggle with an outbreak that has left more than 50 people dead and upended nearly all aspects of public life. More than 400 new cases have been reported in each of the last three days.

In the Omaha area, officials reported the first known instance of community spread. In Illinois, a nursing facility where a woman tested positive for the virus was placed on lockdown. And in Pittsburgh, where the first local cases were announced on Saturday, city leaders urged bars to promote social distancing by limiting the number of people they allowed inside.

Elsewhere, officials were making provisions to house and isolate large numbers of people with the virus.

The closing of schools in more than a dozen states continues to create concerns that children may miss meals and parents may not be able to stay home from work. Mayor Bill de Blasio, under increasing pressure to close New York City schools, has refused to cancel classes, maintaining that the schools are a lifeline for the city’s most vulnerable.

After Los Angeles Unified School District announced it was closing, school officials said that they would open 40 family resource centers to provide child care and meals to students whose parents cannot get out of work. North Carolina, on Saturday, was the latest state to close its public schools.

Tracking Every Coronavirus Case in the U.S.: Full Map

Maps show the extent of the coronavirus outbreak and the number of cases and deaths by state.

Your home dynamics have changed. Here’s how to manage the shift.

More schools are closing, more companies are asking employees to work remotely. Here are some tips to help you work from home more efficiently, and balance home schooling for your children.

And more coverage of how the coronavirus is likely to affect your day-to-day life can be found here.

Chinese journalists push back against a crackdown on virus coverage.

Eager to claim victory in what Xi Jinping, China’s leader, has called a “people’s war” against the virus, the Chinese government is leading a sweeping campaign to purge the public sphere of dissent, censoring news reports, harassing citizen journalists and shutting down news sites.

But Chinese journalists, buoyed by an outpouring of support from the public and widespread calls for free speech, are fighting back in a rare challenge to the ruling Communist Party.

They are publishing hard-hitting exposés describing government cover-ups and failures in the health care system. They are circulating passionate calls for press freedom. They are using social media to draw attention to injustice and abuse, circumventing an onslaught of propaganda orders.

The authorities have struggled to rein in coverage of the outbreak, in part because the Chinese public has resorted to innovative methods to preserve a record of what has transpired.

The magazine Profile, for example, recently published a damning interview with a doctor who was warned not to share information about the virus as it first spread in the city of Wuhan. The article almost immediately disappeared.

But Chinese internet users quickly brought the story back to life, using emojis, morse code and obscure languages to render the interview in ways that would evade censors.

“This time the government’s control of free speech has directly damaged the interests and lives of ordinary people,” said Li Datong, a retired newspaper editor in Beijing. “Everyone knows this kind of big disaster happens when you don’t tell the truth.”

China’s tally of new coronavirus infections rose slightly on Saturday, but most were among travelers coming from abroad, as transmissions within its borders continued to peter out. Just 20 new cases were reported in the latest daily count — four in Wuhan and the rest among recent arrivals to the country.

There were also 10 more deaths from the virus, the authorities said, bringing the official death toll to 3,199. The Chinese government’s total infection count for the coronavirus is now 80,844.

Israel turns to digital surveillance of the infected, and many countries tighten restrictions.

Israel’s prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, said on Saturday that digital and technological means would be employed to track citizens known to have contracted the virus, an extraordinary measure he said was drawn from Israel’s war on terrorism.

In a televised address on Saturday night, he said that Israel was “at war” against an “invisible enemy.”

Acknowledging that the surveillance would impinge on personal privacy, Mr. Netanyahu said he had sought and received permission from the Justice Ministry.

As the country’s caseload rose to nearly 200, the government mandated the closure of all leisure venues starting on Sunday, including cafes, restaurants, gyms and cultural institutions. Public gatherings are to be limited to 10 people, and workers have been told to work from home if possible.

Many other countries increased restrictions:

The British government appears nearer to banning mass gatherings, something it had so far resisted. The number of deaths from the coronavirus nearly doubled on Saturday to 21 and the number of cases surged by more than 300 to 1,140.

Australia’s prime minister, Scott Morrison, announced Sunday that all international arrivals would have to self-isolate for 14 days. “To help stay ahead of this curve, we will impose ahead of this curve,” he told reporters after a cabinet meeting. Cruise ships arriving from foreign ports to Australia would also be banned, he added.

The Afghan government closed all schools and universities for a month and asked people to avoid weddings and engagements — events that usually draw thousands. The war-torn country, which shares a porous border with Iran, reported its 11th case on Saturday. But testing is severely limited, so it’s hard to gauge how widespread the outbreak is.

Indonesia reported a sharp increase that raised its number of cases to 96, with 5 deaths. The governor of Jakarta announced that schools in the capital would close for two weeks. The transportation minister, Budi Karya Sumadi, has tested positive.

Singapore has closed all its 70 mosques for five days to disinfect them, after the spread of the virus in at least three countries — Malaysia, Brunei and Singapore — was connected to a gathering of 16,000 people at a mosque near the Malaysian capital, Kuala Lumpur. Four cases in Singapore have been linked to that gathering, which was attended by more than 90 Singaporeans.

Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern of New Zealand announced that everyone arriving in the country after Sunday night will have to isolate themselves for 14 days. The measure applies to citizens as well as foreigners.

Rwanda reported its first case, an Indian national who arrived on March 8 from Mumbai. The man sought medical help on March 13, the health ministry said.

Namibia, in southern Africa, reported its first two cases: a Spanish couple who arrived there on Wednesday. They are both under quarantine, Health Minister Kalumbi Shangula said on Saturday.

The president of Colombia ordered the border with Venezuela closed.

Guatemala will bar citizens from the United States and Canada, and recent visitors to those two countries may be asked to self-quarantine for seven days, officials said. Guatemala confirmed its first coronavirus case on Friday: a 27-year-old man who had traveled from Spain to Guatemala via Colombia and El Salvador.

Poland, with 68 cases, will close its borders to all noncitizens on Sunday, and is suspending all international air and rail travel for at least 10 days. Schools were closed on Wednesday, and the authorities said they would also close businesses and cancel public gatherings for more than 50 people. The Czech Republic and Slovakia have announced similar measures.

In Denmark, Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen said that all foreigners who did not have an essential purpose for visiting the country would be turned away. Passenger ferries and trains will stop running but cargo transports will continue. The measures will be in effect until at least April 13.

Iran’s state TV said the death toll from the coronavirus had risen to 611, with 12,729 confirmed cases in the country.

The government of Jordan announced on Saturday that it was suspending all incoming and outgoing passenger flights. Jordanian officials said all schools and universities in the country will be suspended for two weeks and mosques, churches, gyms, cinemas, youth centers and swimming pools will also close.

A cruise ship is heading to France after two former passengers tested positive in Puerto Rico.

An Italian couple tested positive for the coronavirus in San Juan, Puerto Rico, late on Friday, five days after they disembarked a cruise ship heading across the Atlantic.

Costa Cruises, an Italian subsidiary of Miami-based Carnival Corp., says the ship, the Costa Luminosa, is now heading to Marseilles, France.

The Costa Luminosa set sail on March 5 from Fort Lauderdale, Fla., for a trans-Atlantic voyage. The ship called for an ambulance when it docked in San Juan on Sunday, March 8.

Puerto Rican doctors suspected that the woman, 68, had the coronavirus and hospitalized her. Her husband, 70, was asymptomatic. By the time Puerto Rico announced the hospitalization, hundreds of passengers had spent the day mingling in colonial Old San Juan, and the ship had left port.

It took five more days to confirm the cases. The island had no tests, so samples were taken from the couple and sent to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta.

Gov. Wanda Vázquez of Puerto Rico called the delay “unacceptable.”

All the while, the Costa Luminosa has been at sea, passengers circulating freely. Shows have been canceled, but the gym, pool and Jacuzzi remain open. Only on Saturday did the crew rework the lunch buffet to serve passengers directly, said Kathryn Bitner, a 66-year-old passenger from San Diego, Calif.

“No one I know of has been tested in our ship,” Ms. Bitner said in a WhatsApp message.

Costa Cruises said that the ship was not in quarantine, but that the “sanitary protocol” on board had been increased and close contacts of the passengers who tested positive had been isolated in their cabins. Costa Cruises also said that it was instituting a daily temperature check for crew and passengers.

The ship’s final destination is unclear. Passengers were first told that they would get off in the Canary Islands, off West Africa. Then Málaga, Spain. But it now appears that Spain is suspending new cruise ship arrivals, and passengers got a letter from the cruise ship company Friday night telling them that the latest plan is to disembark in Marseille, France, on March 19.

Costa Cruises said that it would be contacting the French authorities to report the health situation onboard and that any special rules for disembarkation would be “strictly” followed.

On Saturday, Puerto Rico officials announced that another ship, the Celebrity Summit, a Royal Caribbean ship that had been scheduled to disembark in San Juan, would not be doing so after a Canadian woman who had been on the ship tested positive for coronavirus. Puerto Rico officials said they would allow the ship to resupply, but that they would delay any departures for a week.

Georgia is pushing back its primary, but other U.S. states still plan to vote on Tuesday.

Georgia will push back its presidential primary, originally scheduled for March 24, by nearly two months, officials said Saturday, as it became the second U.S. state to delay voting in response to the coronavirus outbreak.

The move comes as officials in the next four states scheduled to vote in the primary — Arizona, Florida, Illinois and Ohio — have all indicated they intend to hold their elections on Tuesday as planned, issuing a joint statement on Friday expressing confidence that ballots can be safely cast.

Louisiana on Friday became the first state to postpone its primary, announcing that the April 4 election would be delayed by more than two months.

The Georgia primary will now be held May 19. The sudden decision by Georgia, announced Saturday night, comes as the viral outbreak has upended the presidential campaigns and people worry about gatherings and places where they might become infected.

Italians cope with quarantine by singing on their balconies.

Italy is locked down, in the face of what is so far Europe’s most severe coronavirus outbreak. Italians, however, are still getting their voices heard.

At precisely noon on Saturday, millions of Italians, from Piedmont to Sicily, leaned out of windows or stood on their balconies to applaud the health care workers in hospitals and other front-line medical staff who have been working round the clock to care for coronavirus patients.

As church bells normally drowned out by traffic pealed in the surreal silence that defines Italy since Wednesday’s lockdown, applause filled streets, piazzas and even country roads, after messages went viral on social media calling Italians to put their hands together.

There was a similar response to another online appeal Friday evening, asking Italians to sing the national anthem — or play it on a musical instrument — at exactly 6 p.m. The socially distant flash mob swept social media.

Naturally, not everyone is blessed with a voice like Pavarotti. Some Italians preferred banging on pots and calling out, “We will make it.”

It’s unclear who began the musical interlude, but in the land that gave the world opera, it’s clearly not meant to be a cacophonous mess, and a program for more songs is spreading online. At 6 p.m. on Saturday, Italians will sing “Azzurro,” a 1968 hit by the singer Adriano Celentano, and on Sunday, “Ma il cielo è sempre più blu,” by Nino Gaetano, which topped the charts in 1975.

Reporting was contributed by Andrea Salcedo, Mitch Smith, Mariel Padilla, Robert Chiarito, Isabel Kershner, Adam Nossiter, Mujib Mashal, Najim Rahim, Andrew Kramer, Maria Varenikova, Livia Albeck-Ripka, Helene Cooper, Hannah Beech, Elisabetta Povoledo, Marc Santora, Johanna Berendt, Stephen Castle, Richard C. Paddock, Muktita Suhartono, Elian Peltier, Peter Robins, Damien Cave, Javier Hernandez, Zolan Kanno-Youngs, Mihir Zaveri, Patricia Mazzei, Frances Robles and Annie Karni.

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