NEW YORK (THOMSON REUTERS FOUNDATION) – Allowing transgender girls to compete in girls’ sports leagues is illegal and could mean schools allowing the practice lose federal funding, the United States Education Department ruled in a letter made public on Thursday (May 28).

The policy violates federal civil rights law that guarantees equal education for women, the department’s civil rights office said in the 45-page letter to the Connecticut Interscholastic Athletic Conference (CIAC).

The ruling came in response to a federal lawsuit filed by three female track runners from the state of Connecticut, who argued they were put at a physical disadvantage competing against transgender athletes.

It solidified the federal government’s stance in the controversial debate that is playing out in states nationwide.

Connecticut is one of 18 US states that allows transgender high school athletes to compete without restrictions, according to, a website that compiles information on transgender inclusion in athletics.

The Education Department said it would either withhold federal funding for the Connecticut school districts where these runners competed or refer the cases to the US Department of Justice.

The letter said the school’s policy has “denied female student-athletes athletic benefits and opportunities” including higher-level competitions, recognition and visibility to colleges.

In response, the CIAC said its policy protected transgender athletes from discrimination.

“Connecticut law is clear and students who identify as female are to be recognised as female for all purposes – including high school sports,” the athletic conference said in a statement.

“To do otherwise would not only be discriminatory but would deprive high school students of the meaningful opportunity to participate in educational activities … based on sex-stereotyping and prejudice,” it said.

Male-to-female transgender athletes have been allowed to compete in the Olympic Games since 2016 if their testosterone levels meet a certain low level for a year.

Idaho became the first US state to pass a law barring transgender high school athletes from playing in sports leagues that differ from their gender at birth. Several other states are considering similar restrictions.

The lawsuit was filed in February by the three runners against the CIAC and a number of local boards of education.

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