Electric and hybrid cars differences explained by expert
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As part of the Transport Decarbonisation Plan, the sale of new internal-combustion engine (ICE) cars will be banned, as the Government aims to lower carbon emissions. Whilst some will be looking to jump from a petrol or diesel vehicle to an electric car, many are instead looking into a middle ground – a plug-in hybrid (PHEV).
Demand for hybrid vehicles has risen 78 percent in 2021.
The PHEV features a mains-rechargeable battery that provides a typical range of around 25-30 miles.
Once that range is depleted, the vehicle then operates as a full hybrid, using a combination of combustion engine and electric motor assistance to power forward.
The Government announced that the sale of new energy-efficient hybrid cars will not be banned until 2035.
As a result, hybrid vehicles could act as a stepping stone for many motorists before they move on to an electric car in the future.
According to Emissions Analytics (EA), the average PHEV offers 37.2 miles per gallon (mpg) in fuel mode, once its electric range is depleted, although this will depend on driver behaviour.
PHEV drivers who charge regularly and drive primarily within their vehicle’s electric range can achieve greater fuel efficiency than the EA suggests.
Hybrids driven 25 percent in electric mode can reach up to 49.6 mpg, while those driven up to 75 percent in electric mode can achieve 148.8 mpg.
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Matthew Walters, Head of Consultancy Services and Customer Value at LeasePlan UK, commented on the cost efficiency of a plug-in hybrid.
He said: “If cost of purchase is at the front of your mind, it’s worth researching costs for both hybrid and full electric. In some cases – such as the Volkswagen ID and its hybrid counterpart, the Golf GTE – the fully electric vehicle is cheaper to purchase than its hybrid equivalent, so it may be more cost effective to make the move directly to EV.
“When considering running costs, it’s worth noting that cost per mile calculations for PHEVs involve more elements than that of an ICE vehicle.
“But when operated to maximum efficiency, hybrids are proven to be cheaper to run than petrol cars.
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